Many sympathetic with gnosticism make much of the notion that the gnostic writings were suppressed by the early christian church but this assertion does not, in itself, provide support one way or the other for the truth or falsity of gnostic doctrine. Jesus is often portrayed in them as a heavenly being who descended to an evil material world controlled by evil rulers in order to grant salvation to fallen man through the bestowal of secret knowledge (gnosis) this secret knowledge is comprised of both doctrinal teachings and rituals or ordinances associated with those teachings. The gnostic jesus is a remarkable counterfeit of the biblical jesus in that the gnostic concept of jesus borrows closely from the jesus of scripture and gives a gnostic spin to the teachings of jesus found in the gospels of matthew, mark, luke and john and in the writings of the apostles. The teachings of jesus are paramount in this text and nearly half of its sayings are repetitions and confirmations of teachings found in the canonical gospels the gospel of thomas affirms jesus had many disciples and mentions peter, matthew, thomas and james by name. Most contemporary bible scholars believe that mark was the first to write his gospel -- probably between ad 55 and 59 for this reason, the gospel of mark is a relatively fast-paced portrayal of jesus' life and ministry.
It contains coptic translations of three very important early christian gnostic texts: the gospel of mary, the apocryphon of john, and the sophia of jesus christ the texts themselves date to the second century and were originally authored in greek. Gnostics, gnostic gospels, & gnosticism a one-sentence description of gnosticism: a religion that differentiates the evil god of this world (who is identified with the god of the old testament) from a higher more abstract god revealed by jesus christ, a religion that regards this world as the creation of a series of evil archons/powers who wish to keep the human soul trapped in an evil.
In this day and age, people think that christ is an exclusive title for the master jesus of nazareth that came 2000 years ago in the holy land, and that he is also the son of man but for us, the gnostics , moses is the son of man, muhammad is the son of man, quetzalcoatl is the son of man: anyone that incarnates the cosmic christ becomes a son. The gospel of judas is a gnostic gospel whose content consists of conversations between jesus and judas iscariot it is thought to have been composed in the second century by gnostic christians, not by judas, since it contains late-2nd-century theology. The gnostic christians claimed to possess the correct definition of resurrection - based on jesus' secret teachings, handed down to them by the apostles the existence of a secret tradition can be found in the new testament. In mark, jesus is often portrayed to refer to secret teachings and secrets, even to assert that some teachings should be kept secret and deliberately obscured, all of which were attitudes shared with, and intrinsic to, gnosticism.
Are there secret writings about jesus in 1945 a discovery was made in upper egypt, near the town of nag hammadi fifty-two copies of ancient writings, called the gnostic gospels were found in 13 leather-bound papyrus codices (handwritten books) they were written in coptic and belonged to a library. Instead, jesus has two fathers, one in heaven and one not-in-heaven, and presumably the not-in-heaven one is the inseminator, but despite having two fathers, jesus' mother was still a virgin. Having examined gnostic teachings, they were convinced that gnostics were employing the old deception used by satan in the garden of eden: that by knowledge one can become like god in their opposition to gnosticism they appealed to the older scriptures, to history, to tradition and to their own authority as properly appointed christian leaders. Jesus in mark is portrayed by his actions as separate and secretive he is announced by john the baptist as 'the one who is more powerful than i' (mark 1:7), but does little to enhance this appearance of power. The gnostic jesus is also divided from the jesus of the gospels over his relationship to judaism for gnostics, the god of the old testament is somewhat of a cosmic clown, neither ultimate nor good in fact, many gnostic documents invert the meaning of old testament stories in order to ridicule him.
This work goes beyond presenting the history of gnosticism, to setting forth the actual gnostic teachings in absolute crystal clarity when you think about it, giving such clarity and accessibility to gnostic thought is a phenomenal achievement in and of its self. The gnostic christians, if they can truly be described as christians, held a distinctly different view of the bible, of jesus christ, of salvation, and of virtually every other major christian doctrine. He blended these beliefs with his later gnostic christian teachings his teachings were in turn passed on to john calvin in his extensive study of augustine's writings it is very easy to follow the trail of john calvin's theology from the pagan religion of mani in babylonia to his writings in france and geneva. The nag hammadi library (also known as the chenoboskion manuscripts and the gnostic gospels) is a collection of early christian and gnostic texts discovered near the upper egyptian town of nag hammadi in 1945. Mary magdalene played an important role in many gnostic writings, often being second only to jesus in status they used both female and male images for the supreme god theologians speculate that they probably treated women members as equal (or having almost equal status) to men in their communities.
The codex consists of 62 papyrus pages, and contains numerous other gnostic texts and other writings from the period on its pages, in addition to the gospel of judas the text itself is in the coptic language, almost certainly translated from greek originals. The secret teachings of jesus: four gnostic gospels edited by marvin meyer a presentation of four principal texts from the gnostic writings found at nag hammadi. While her teachings do not go unchallenged, in the end the gospel of mary affirms both the truth of her teachings and her authority to teach the male disciples she is portrayed as a prophetic.
Gnostic writings of jesus gnostic writings of jesus portray him as a heavenly redeemer made less of flesh than of spirit the emphasis of jesus' importance is not on his physical humanness but rather, on his ability to show people the way to the kingdom. The gospel of judas and similar gnostic texts were rejected by the early christian church not because of their unfavorable portrayal of jesus of nazareth, but because church leaders knew they were not written by the original disciples, but fabricated much later by splinter groups, who incorporated heretical teachings and false historical. The secret teachings of jesus as recorded by his disciples the most important work of christian wisdom ever written: the gnostic bible, the pistis sophia.